Tripura is a land full of traditional games and sports. The traditional games of Tripura are called Thwgmung
. It is common in almost all the clans in Tripuri. The youths of Tripura are very fond of their traditional games and sports. The state government also encourages in the development of different sports of Tripura.
Traditional games of Tripura
The traditional games of Tripura are called Thwgmung. Other traditional games of Tripura are Achugwi Phan
Sohlaimung, Bumanikotor, Dwkhwi Sotonmung, Phan Sohlaimung, Kaldong or Kadong, Longoi Chokmung, Muphuk Sagwnang, Musta Seklaio, Ramtan Lairo, Wabao Fan Sailaio, Wasago, Sohlaimmung and Cooking game. These are the locally played sports that the people here indulges in and they are ardent lovers of these sport activities. The traditional games of Tripura is locally known as 'Thwngma'. Briefly discussed are the traditional games below:
This is a game to test the strength of a man wherein a child is tied to the chest of the man and a rope is tied to its waist. Another player holds the end of the rope and there is pulling between them. The one who successfully pulls the other wins.
This game again is played to test the ability of an individual. Two bamboo posts are placed on the ground on which two udukhals are kept. Udukhal is a large wooden mortar used for husking grains. Two persons sitting facing each other try to join the udukhals and before that the player needs to pass through it.
Wabao Fan Salaio:
This is again a form of wrestling played with the help of a bamboo pole. The two players need to push each other by the pole and cross the given mark of victory.
This is a game to test the strength of the wrist for it involves the hand only. A stake is the object of the game where both players holds it in its grip. One tries to keep it fixed while the other tries to pull it. Clearly the one who succeeds wins.
This is a traditional game of Tripura which is not that popular. It involves running with bamboos. A long bamboo and seven pieces of slit bamboo pieces are required for the game to be played.
This is a very old game played by the children of Tripura. It is a swinging game where a bamboo is held together by two long ropes which is kept hanging from a tree. Children sit on the bamboo seat and swing by pushing it forward.
Another game for the Tripuri children, Kaldang is a game where two bamboos are taken which are joined together by small pieces of bamboo where the children can put their feet and climb past the bamboo.
It is a game played by not only the Tripuri children but all the other children too. It is a pretended cooking game where leaves, stones, sand, root, mud, etc. are taken and then used as food. They pretend to cook the food and then serve them as well.
Solaimani itself means wrestling. It is form of free hand wrestling which is common in other communities as well.
This is a form of hide and seeks game played by the children of Tripura
and a game common amongst the other community as well. It is a
collective game played by a group of children.
Dukhwi Sotonma meaning tug of war is played by the children as well as
the adult. It is a game where two opponent parties try to pull a rope
towards themselves bringing the opposition nearer. The one ho succeeds
This is rather a game of fun. Two men stand back to back interlocking their hands with an attempt tp pick up the other off the ground.
Another game of the children where they sit on ground holding their ankles with hands taking the position of a frog and then race.
Known as Togla Tanlaio, the game is where the opponents fight each other by pretending to be cocks.
This is another form of wrestling where the opponents fight against each
other by kneeling down and pushing against each other like a bull.
It is played with a wild creeper called the Swkwi. It can be played between two or more groups. The Tripura children as well as the youth are very fond of this game.
Sports Associations in Tripura
The Directorate of Tripura youth and sports affairs is administered by the Government of India. The Government of Tripura actively gets involved with the people in order to get the best activities on sports for them.
Tripura Football Association
The Tripura Football association is one of the thirty six football associations in India which is affiliated to the Indian Football Association. Also known as the Tripura FA, it administers the football of lower tier in Tripura. The Tripura FA is based in Agartala, the capital of Tripura. Address:
The Agartala League
The Agartala League
is a football championship held in Agartala by the Tripura FA. It takes place with great zeal amongst the locals for football occupies a very special place in the hearts of the people of Tripura. The teams taking part in the league are:
- Agiye Chalo Sangha
- Ananda Vaban
- Birendra Club
- Blood Mouth Club
- Forward Club
- Friends Union
- Jewels Association
- Kalyan Samity
- Lalbahadur Vyamagar
- Mouchak Club
- Nine Bullets
- Noboday Sangha
- Ramakrishna Club
- Sabuj Sangha
- SAI SAG
- Skylark Club
- Soroj Sangha
- Town Club
- Tripura Police
- Tripura Sports School
- Umakanta SAI
- United BST
- Vivekananda Club
- Youth Club
Popular Sports in Tripura
Football and cricket are the popular sports of Tripura. Agartala
has its own club football championships every year in which many clubs compete in a league and knockout format. Tripura also participates as an eastern state team in Ranji Trophy, the Indian domestic cricket competition. Tripura is also the regular participant of the Indian National Games and the Northeastern games.
Sports Personalities from Tripura
Tripura has produced some good sportsmen in the country. There are some names in the history of Tripura that shines as bright as a diamond.
Gymnast Kalpana Debnath and Mantu Debnath are worth mentioning. They are Arjuna award nominees. Other than them, there is also Diptanu who is also a gymnast.
Dipa Karmakar is an India artistic gymnast representing the state of Tripura. She has brought laurels to the country by winning the bronze medal in women's vault final in the Commonwealth Games, 2014. She is the first Indian woman to win a gymnastic medal in Commonwealth games.
Chaiti from Tripura is the first tribal girl who successfully crossed the Gulf of Torrunous in greece.
Rati Ranjan Dharis is another name that needs special mention in the field of swimming. Apart from these, there are many more shining in the sports arena of Tripura and the country as well.
Stadiums and Complexes in Tripura
Stadiums and complexes located in Tripura are: Dasharath Dev State Sports Complex
Maharaja Bir Bikram Lake Stadium
Raima Sports Complex is the first ever swimming pool of its kind in the entire Northeast.
Adventure Sports in Tripura
Tripura is a land full of traditional games and sports. The traditional games of Tripura are called Thwgmung. It is common in almost all the clans in Tripura. The youths of Tripura are very fond of their traditional games and sports. People here are also fond of trekking and also tourist love to go up those hills and peaks here in Tripura. Adventure sports that prevail here are trekking, angling, cycling,etc.
Like in the other states of north east India, Tripura is also a place where trekking is very much favorite owing to the natural scenario. There are a lot of trekking trails here in Tripura where one can explore and enjoy. The highest peak in Tripura called the Betalongchhip is at a height of 3600 meters which provided for a very good trekking option. Jampui hills is another trekking trail for trek lovers. One must be however, careful enough to carry trekking gear and other necessities while trekking.
It is another major sport here for it is not only a form of sport but also a major hobby amongst the people of all ages. River Teesta is the main river in Tripura and this is the primary spot for the sport of angling. Fish of various species can be found here and hence hunting for them is indeed a sport of joy for the people.
Getting to camp in a place where there is peace and serenity is always an option of delight for every adventurer. Tripura is a state where geography is varied and the place is a virgin territory for people to explore. One could easily get into the forests and hills and look for a place for oneself and then camp to have a sip of nature. The Jampui hills are a wonderful place of tourism and one can even camp here and listen to the sound of nature amidst the hills.